The Baal Shem Tov, or Besht —  the founder of Chasidism — 
met the soul of the Messiah during an ascent to heaven. 
The Besht asked him, "When will the Master come?" 
The Messiah answered, "When your wellsprings break forth to the outside!" 
(from a letter written by the Besht to his brother-in-law about one of his soul ascents) 

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A-tir and Um al-Hiran

On June 26 2007, A-tir and Um al-Hiran were the first Bedouin villages destroyed since Israel began in earnest to implement some of its Negev plans.

A-tir before the destruction:
If you can't view the movie or would like to see interviews of some of the residents, click here.


  • Interviews with residents of A-tir (Hebrew and Arabic) by F.A.S.T.
  • Haaretz article on the demolition of A-tir and Um al-Hiran
  • The Regional Council for Unrecognized Villages press release before the demolition
  • Ameinu on the demolition of A-tir and Um al-Hiran
  • Satellite image of A-tir
  • Map showing the unrecognized villages (A-tir and Um al-Hiran are in the square to the left of the upper right corner):

  • The movie and map link were created by the "Foundation for Achieving Seamless Territory".

    Enlarge the map to see the surrounding area, zoom in to see what were the buildings.



    Design in progress © Rabbi David Mevorach Seidenberg 2006